In this article we’ll see tree transplantation methods. Which are the differences? There is a better one?
Tree transplantation can boost the beauty of the landscape as well as the value of the land. In the environmental perspective, trees are the inseparable element of nature and people became more aware of it than the past. Nurseries and modern machinery are providing various methods of tree transplantation that are not only safer and easier, but less time consuming and less labor-oriented also. You may choose any one from them which you feel more suitable for you.
Bare root method: Bare root tree-plants are delved from nursery fields when they are leafless. The soil is separated from the roots, and plants are packed with moist material like damp sawdust and kept in cool place. Bare root can be stored easily and shipped without any damage. While planting proper care should be taken to the plants to avoid cutting of numerous roots and more transplanting shock. They should be planted in early spring before beginning of their growth. Bare root stock is normally less expensive, but the ill effect of improper handling may occur a great loss, increasing its mortality rate.
During taking care of or transporting bare root stock, keep them in damp and place free from the sun and the wind at all along. This system does not work with all species of plants.
Potted or containerized method: In nurseries trees grow in pots or containers not less than one complete season and winter. They are also delivered to the customer in containers.
Some plants remain and grow in the container lifelong. Some are planted in the field and after growing as little plants, potted for sale. These plants do not have much transplanting shock and are of the best in condition.
“Pot-in-pot” is a method utilized by some good growers to produce good plants. In these method field-dug plants taken in the pot and let them grow there not less than one year.
Balled and bur lapped (B&B): Roots of Balled and bur lapped trees are packed with firm soil ball and tied up with burlap and sometimes with the wire basket and placed securely. If the root ball breaks or damage due to dryness or keeping carelessly, roots will be affected seriously.
While in the soil ball, the stem should not jerk. Due to the weight of soil ball, B&B trees are hard to transport and needs special equipment to plant. B & B stock is the most costly, but if taken proper care of and planted perfectly, it is as dependable as container grown plant. Don’t lift the B&B trees by its stem. Always lift it from beneath the ball, never by the stem. B&B plant should be planted in spring, summer, and fall. Also be sure the soil matches the transplanting trees, and more roots have been taken with the tree – the more, the better!
Tree Spading method: All kind of trees are relocated with a tree spade. It delves a mass of soil including the plant and its roots. The plant and root ball may stay in the machine until it is planted into a pre-delved same size hole, or it might be put in a basket wire fixed with burlap. The size of the root ball, species of the plant and skill and experience of machine operator are important in spade transplanting. Finally, the success depends on matching of soils of the planting site with digging site as well. Trees can be transplanted almost in all seasons with the tree spade. But plants dug in summer and early fall ought to have a big root ball and get extra attention relating to condition, caretaking, irrigation, and species. This method is easier and speedy with superb surviving rate, less hard labor and is time saving.
Tree transplantation is a method that increase the surviving rate of the plants: that mean more plants for our world.